As shown in Schoutens et al. (2004), different dynamics for the underlying asset price are able to achieve a similarly good calibration to the market prices of European plain vanilla options. Consequently, these models are able to generate very similar marginal distributions for all future points in time. However, their path-behaviour differs thus often yielding significantly different prices for exotic options. In this post, we provide some intuition for the sign of the price differences between local and stochastic volatility models for barrier and American binary options. These arguments are not novel and we refer to e.g. Baker et al. (2004) for a more in-depth and rigorous discussion.
Stochastic vs. Local Volatility for Barrier Options